The value of manufactured goods traded tumbled by 36 percent from N4.51tn in the second quarter of 2021 to N2.87tn in the corresponding period of 2022, findings by The PUNCH have shown.
This is according to the foreign trade report by the National Bureau of Statistics for the second quarter of the year and its corresponding quarter of 2021.
Foreign trade statistics measure goods traded between an economic entity and its economic counterparts within a given period.
The fall in the value of traded manufactured goods came as manufacturers continue to grapple with skyrocketing costs and a harsh operating environment.
According to findings by our correspondent, exports of manufactured goods also took a downward plunge within the period in review, from 211.67bn recorded in 2021 to N119.53bn in 2022, representing a 43.5 percent decline in 12 months.
The PUNCH had reported earlier how manufacturers were adopting survival strategies amid a worsening operating environment.
In its “Manufacturers CEO’s Confidence Index,” the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria noted that its members had to resort to adopting survival strategies to improve production.
Speaking in an exclusive interview with The PUNCH, the Director-General of the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines, and Agriculture, Olusola Obadimu said that given the prevailing economic climate, the decline in the value of manufactured exports was expected.
According to him, unresolved port-related issues have also made exportation more difficult for manufacturers.
He further stated that the insecurity crisis in the country had significantly affected farming activities, which, in large parts, account for raw materials used for production purposes.
Also, according to a professor of Economics at Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sheriffdeen Tella, Nigeria’s macroeconomic policies have remained unfavorable for the manufacturers. He said the combined forces of inflation, interest rate, energy costs as well as other factors had put a serious strain on manufacturing activities.
“All those things have made the manufacturing sector shrink and that is a very bad situation for the country. You find out that the manufacturing sector is a sector that drives other sectors of the economy in terms of production and employment. The manufacturing sector is the sector that provides raw materials from the agricultural sector, provides some other goods to some other sectors of the economy and it is that same sector that, when they finish production, will also positively affect the service sector,” the economist added.